Inguinal hernias account for 75% of all abdominal wall hernias, and with a lifetime risk of 27% in men and 3% in women, inguinal hernia repair is one of the most commonly performed surgeries in the world. All surgical techniques for repair of the inguinal hernia orifice can be traced back to two simple repair principles. The first is reinforcement of the anterior wall of the inguinal canal and tightening of the external inguinal ring and the second is reinforcement of the posterior wall of the inguinal canal and the tightening of the internal inguinal ring, either externally or via an intra-abdominal approach by laparotomy or laparoscopically. The traditional hernia repair is an open inguinal hernia repair and this accounts for about 80% of the operations. The newer, more advanced, and less invasive technique is the laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair. The latest and greatest technique is the robotic single incision inguinal hernia repair.